Defined by purists as the meeting of multiple cultures and cooking styles, fusion cuisine is a generic term for any kind experimentation with food, comprising multiple flavors or cooking techniques to generate something entirely original. Every restaurant you'll have ever visited (be it Italian, Chinese, takeaway or sit-in) will offer some semblance of fusion cuisine on the menu. Chinese is one of the most prominent, since the cuisine itself is broken down into many sub-variants like Cantonese or Jiangsu. Beijing's most famous dish is Peking Duck, which is usually served on a bed of mandarin pancakes and scallion florets. Visit any Chinese restaurant these days and you're more likely to be offered fried rice (Cantonese and Yue regional staples) in accompaniment. As much is true for Mexican cuisine, which is perhaps one of the oldest models of fusion experimentalism. The Spanish dominated much of the country during the 15th Century, bringing with them a wealth of cooking techniques and flavors unbeknown to the indigenous Meso-American populace. Like most, you're probably a huge fan of spicy tacos and burritos – they've become such an ingrained form of Mexican fast food the world over, but did you know the introduction of short-cut rice and onions was due to Spanish influence? Interestingly, Korean chefs in the U.S have adopted these old Mexican favorites, spinning out traditional Asian fillings like marinated beef bulgogi – fire grilled and seasoned to a gorgeous spiciness that isn't too overpowering. Italian-American fusion is also big in the States, with the humble Southern steak often made-over with garlic and herb marinades, or a delicious mozzarella sauce!